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Iron deficiency and Treatment: What you must know

Iron is one of the most important elements in our body. It plays an essential role in the

functioning of proteins to ensure brain function and development, optimize the immune

system as well as aid in energy generation. Our red blood cells also use iron to build

hemoglobin for delivering oxygen in the body.

Iron deficiency occurs due to insufficient iron supply to meet the body’s demand. In late

stage, anaemia happens and severe anemia can be life-threatening as it leads to heart

failure.


Unfortunately, in east and southeast Asia, about 20% of women (age 15- 49) suffer from

iron deficiency, usually from a lack of iron. Commonly, this is due to poor iron intake

(such as vegetarian diet) or heavy menstrual blood loss.


Signs of iron deficiency include weakness, fatigue, difficulty in concentrating, insomnia

or brittle hair and nails.



Diagnosis and Treatment


A simple blood test is needed to diagnose. A low ferritin level <30μg/L indicates

iron deficiency and a haemoglobin <12 g/dl suggests anaemia.


Treatment involves dietary intake of food rich in iron (such as spinach, broccoli, red

meats and liver) and/or iron supplement. For mild deficiency, oral iron supplement is

sufficient. In severe iron deficiency anaemia, intravenous iron infusion is recommended.

Intravenous supplementation is faster replacement with no gastrointestinal side-effect

such as constipation. Blood transfusion is rarely indicated.



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1 comentário


Paul
Paul
18 de dez. de 2023

"Iron deficiency and Treatment: What you must know" is a vital resource shedding light on a common health concern. As someone who has dealt with iron deficiency, I understand the importance of comprehensive information on its treatment. Exploring the article, I appreciate the focus on educating individuals about iron deficiency and its management. Mentioning the Iron Status Test adds another layer of significance, emphasizing the necessity of accurate diagnosis for tailored treatment plans. Incorporating this test aligns with a proactive and personalized approach to healthcare, ensuring that individuals receive the most effective treatments based on their specific iron levels. It's reassuring to see a comprehensive guide that not only educates but also empowers individuals to take control of their health…

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